The Wall: Boundaries Between and Within Us

Santa Paula Art Museum

October 20, 2018 - January 27, 2019

The works in this exhibit explore the nature of boundaries – lines that define, surround, protect, divide, include and exclude, real or imagined, explicit or implicit. The walls represented here may be physical, historical, social, cultural, political, personal and more. In addition to the walls themselves, these works call into question our relationships to them - are we builders or wreckers? inside or outside? confined or liberated? These artworks invite you to consider and confront the walls that shape us individually and collectively.


Dana Mano-Flank

On The Horizon (mixed media)

On the Horizon:  As we set ourselves to reach the distant horizons of all our personal voyages, we are constrained and bounded by rules. These rigid rules, like our latitude and longitude lines, bind us to what we can only see and hear now. Bending the rules, changing our lines, give us opportunities to view our voyages from new angles and find new destinations.

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Ray Harris

Model Prisoner

Oil on Canvas

The United States has the highest number of incarcerated people in the world. We must ask ourselves if putting people behind walls is the best way to solve the problem.

Jenny Crosswhite

Por Las Ventanas


You look through the window at the world, but don’t feeling like you are part of it. An abusive partner keeps you isolated. Your anxiety holds you captive. You don’t speak the language. You don’t feel like you can meet the expectations placed upon you. You don’t feel attractive or smart enough... The three windows represent the many layers of challenges that keep us from being fully part of the communities in which we live. The windows are meant to be looked through and explored, calling us to examine ourselves and to look for others who are trapped behind windows.



Andrew Ackerman

Specimen PH764

Silicone, metal, hair, resin, plastic

Specimen PH764 presents the image of a wound.  The synthetic skin suggests a degree of fragility, and exists as a form of permeable boundary. The piece can be interpreted in several ways: as a specimen removed from a body, or as a biological form grown in a lab.  It asks viewers to consider the possibilities and potential risks associated with emergent technologies in biology and medicine, and how these developments may shape the way we perceive humanity, the physical body and associated identities.  The piece draws inspiration from post-humanist thought as well as Julia Kristeva’s theory of the Abject.

Abigail Gallup


Mixed media on wood panel

The juxtaposition of the newspaper transfer with images from nature are a puzzle to put together that add up to my comment on the topic of the articles. “Boundaries” is about the current administration’s border policy. The newspaper articles are from most recent media coverage regarding family separation policies in effect at the U.S. borders. The bird is a Quetzal, the national bird of Guatemala (also namesake of their currency.) The Quetzal is a universal symbol of liberty as the lore about this species is that it dies in captivity.


Betty Nguyen

Blue Smugde

photograph on fabric

Brian Berman

Lifting the Veil

Basalt stone sculpture

There is a veil of separation that appears to keep ourselves from experiencing unity with all that is. We feel separate from each other, from nature, from each and every object. Yet science and religion both describe this totality as One and not separate. Lifting the Veil symbolizes and reminds us that we are not separate but one with this great totality



Chris Chapman

Wall of Fire


Dana Mano-Flank

Doorway to Love

Mixed Media


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Faith Hagenhofer

Being Held

Jeff Remmer

When Two Walls Meet


Here, a man-made wall built to shield the bathers of a tiny beach in La Jolla and the natural wall of water created by a storm surge relentlessly crashing into it. Both are doing their jobs as well as they can, one naturally, composed of tiny drops of liquid and the other solidly constructed but also gradually being worn away by time and tide.


John Iwerks

Santa Inez Historic Grist Mill

Oil on Canvas

The historic Santa Ynez Mission Grist Mill, near the Mission Santa Ines, was used to grind wheat, oats and barley into flour, and corn into meal. Water was channeled from Zanja de Cota Creek over three miles away and stored within the heavy rock and plaster walls. The Grist Mill is considered one of the first industrial buildings in California.



Judy Heimlich

The Western Wall

watercolor and mixed media

The Western Wall in Jerusalem has great significance both historically and politically for the country of Israel. My visit to the Western Wall was quite moving. People place notes into the crevices of the wall. 

Lala T. Konrath

They Built a Wall

Collage and pen

While watching the RNC, I was uncomfortably reminded of the cheering footage from Leni Riefenstahl's film "The Triumph of The Will.” I cried for 3 days. I began writing and illustrating my "children's" book, titled "Someone Needs to be Fired”, on the fourth day of my broken heart. It is meant to be satirical, although I find nothing funny about the current state of affairs.

 "I should like to be able to love my country and still love justice".     

- Camus     



Patricia O’Hearn

An Ojai Orange Grove

oil on canvas                         

This scene on the way to Ojai always brings to mind a poem written by poet Robert Frost. In his homespun way he speaks of people and walls and hints at things that may keep people apart or bring them together.

Something there is that doesn’t love a wall,

That sends the frozen-ground-swell under it,

And spills the upper boulders in the sun;

And makes gaps even two can pass abreast.

…No one has seen them made or heard them made,

But at spring mending- time we find them there.

…I let my neighbor know beyond the hill;

And on a day we meet to walk the line

And set the wall between us once again.

Ray Harris

Wall Art

oil on canvas

Graffiti art can express quiet thoughts or explosive questions. These are more than walls now. Society must help people through, over, or around walls with answers. This is near the artist’s studio in Ventura.


Rhonda Magnus

Wall of Restrain

India ink on paper

“Wall of Restrain” suggests walls we encounter throughout our lives; walls created by natural forces from without and personal self-created walls from within. Both walls check, curb, suppress, repress, dampen or deprive our freedom of movement physically, behaviorally, or thoughtfully.



Sophia Harris

Early Labor


The river that has always run through the Chihuahuan desert now divides the people who have always lived there. Many women cross the border daily for better options for their pregnancy and birth, while many more are denied entry. Behind a birth center in El Paso this young woman is on the precipice of motherhood, in early labor. She will give birth to her first child peacefully 6 hours later.

Sophia Harris



She has walked the bridge from Ciudad Juarez to El Paso, Texas more times than she can count in order to birth with midwives on the U.S. side. At two weeks past her due date, she has been completely transformed into a vessel of nurturance and protection, growing and sustaining new life within her. She exists in the in-between; the U.S. and Mexico, the spirit world and this one. There are no walls that will contain her.



Therese Verner

Torch Girl Stomps the Wall and Unites Families

mixed media


1. The Word Art (Give Me Your Tired, Your Poor...) was designed and created by Dr. Sharon Chappell, Associate Professor, Cal State Fullerton.

2. This artwork was supported in part by the California Arts Council, a state agency, and the National Arts and Disability Center at the University of California Los Angeles.

Viktoria Romanova

United Angels

mixed media

The “United Angels” artwork was inspired by my traveling experience and a strong growing appreciation for the City of Los Angeles and the State of California as a multi-national society. Being a native of Russia, I have never felt out of place here. We do respect each other’s religious boundaries on a much higher level than many places I have visited. The road



Viktoria Romanova

City of Angels

mixed media

This series called "Angels and Demons" features episodes and characters from our everyday street life; they are all real people; they are not all homeless or crazy, some of them are just street musicians, prostitutes, professional beggars, as well as drug addicts and talented thieves. The streets are their “walls” that protect their environment and business. They will be there as long as we support them.

Frances Elson

The Wall That Sustains




Frances Elson

The Wall That Destroys


John Fielder

Student Workbook - Pardon My Miscommunication

Digital graphic



John Robertson

Blunt Force Trauma

Acrylic on galvanized steel

Judy Heimlich

Lady Liberty



Harvey Cusworth

Walls and Shadows

Oil on Canvas

Patricia O’Hearn

Natures Fortress

Oil on Canvas